Winter Restoration at Horsethief Bottom

In 2016, CCA received funding from the Colorado Water Conservation Board to conduct restoration and vegetation monitoring projects for  a few riparian sites along the Colorado River in Ruby and Horsethief Canyons within the McInnis Canyons National Conservation Area. This January, CCA is working with the BLM to mechanically remove eight  acres of tamarisk from a site known as Horsethief Bottom. This site is located near the popular Kokopelli Loops bike trail system on the Colorado River.

Of note for this project, is the rich restoration legacy of the Horsethief Bottom site. Specifically,the famous tamarisk beetle which defoliates and eventually kills the invasive tamarisk were first released at Horsethief Bottom. Though many of the original tamarisk trees are now dead thanks to the hungry beetles, they remain on the site as a testament to the success of the beetle. Now that the beetle has traveled along the waterways of the southwest to continue its work, we can remove tamarisk at Horsethief Bottom to give native plants a chance to thrive. Following the mechanical removal, CCA will continue to restore Horsethief Bottom for the next five years by monitoring tamarisk growth and cutting new sprouts with volunteers and the BLM. Our work on Horsethief Bottom is far from over. Updates on the progress of the mechanical treatment and volunteer opportunities are soon to come.

Reflection: A Year After the Dog Island Fire

Just after midnight on Saturday, August 15th, 2015 a devastating fire erupted in Ruby-Horsethief Canyon, home to a beautiful and typically serene, 25-mile stretch of the Colorado River corridor running through the McInnis Canyons National Conservation Area. Colorado Canyons Association’s annual river clean-up trip awoke to the smell of smoke.  Red sandstone mirrored flames in a stunning contrast to the black void of the star speckled night sky. Ash sauntered down only visible in the beams of our headlamps. We quickly gathered near the boats to discuss our safety. Calmly, the Rangers began to discuss our situation. Competing with the disheartening train blasts signaling SOS (...---...) echoing in the canyon, they determined we were safe. Surrounded by the Precambrian granite that gives the Black Rocks campground its name. No flames could reach us. A fire was raging on Dog Island just one bend up the river from the CCA volunteer crew. Other boaters shoved off from camps upriver from Dog Island to escape the suffocating smoke. Through the night of ash, light, and echoes we waited for the group camping on Dog Island worrying.  A fire ban was in place and natural night time ignitions are beyond rare.

Dog Island just days after the fire. Photo: Chris Tomlinson

Dog Island just days after the fire. Photo: Chris Tomlinson

At sunrise a group of boaters tried to casually float by ignoring the calls of the rangers.  BLM motors started up and the group was promptly ushered to the beach.  After seeing their permit to camp at Dog Island, the story of what had happened began to unravel as rangers took individual statements out of our earshot.  After the trip, we learned that despite a fire ban in the canyon, a camper sent a canopy of fireworks into the sky. Starting several spot fires all around their camp. Whipped up by the evening’s heavy winds, the fires quickly became uncontrollable engulfing the island and the Black Ridge Wilderness on the south bank. One can only imagine the terror of seeing your camp riddled with small fires, trying to put them out, failing,  and watching the flames become a 30 foot tall inferno. Together we watched as the rangers confiscated the remaining fireworks.  Seeing the cause of the fire for the first time we were collectively dumbfounded. Why? How could you even? Still, thankfully, no one was hurt and by early Sunday morning BLM fire crews had reached the remote location and successfully extinguished the fire. However, as the ashes cooled and the flames subsided, a devastating picture of reckless action and avoidable destruction emerged. Fifty acres of the popular Dog Island Campsite including 168 Cottonwood trees, each over 100 years old, were left charred or burned completely.

Gabe Magtutu, "I've been enjoying that stretch of river since 1981 and am happy I can get out there to help take care of it."

Gabe Magtutu, "I've been enjoying that stretch of river since 1981 and am happy I can get out there to help take care of it."

Now, a year later, CCA is working with the BLM to mitigate the ecological damage done by the fire. Since riparian systems have no natural defenses to fire, we expected little or no regeneration by native species like Cottonwood and Sumac and a massive boom in the growth of invasive species like Tamarisk and Cheatgrass who thrive on burnt landscapes. Although Dog Island is forever altered, CCA and the BLM are working hard to save the island.  To start the process, the BLM hired a work crew from the Western Colorado Conservation Corps to cut and apply herbicide to Tamarisk re-sprouts.  Tamarisk could easily dominate the island if left to its own devices.  CCA is currently recruiting volunteers to help the BLM catch infestations before they become uncontrollable.  (Sign up here!) Unexpectedly, Cottonwood sprouts are growing from the roots of burnt trees.  More than 200 sprouts have popped up all over the island.  This fall, the CCA River Restoration Team pruned the Cottonwood sprouts to help them become tall shade trees like their forebearers. Furthermore, volunteers planted ten Sumac shrubs on the island to build wildlife habitat and stabilize soils. By actively suppressing invasives and giving natives their best chances for survival, we can heal the island.

Several volunteers on the restoration trip were also there the night of the fire. Tom McNamera reflected on the past, “actions of a few morons affected the lives of many, then and now.” Yet, looking to the future he added “It is a pleasure spending quality time with motivated people with a purpose.  And yes, it can be a blast.” CCA will continue to restore Dog Island for years to come.  Our collective efforts to restore the rivers we love heals the ecosystem and our frustration with our fellow river runners.  Together we can build a responsible culture of river users committed to protecting the wild Colorado River we love and stop avoidable travesties from happening again.

Kate and Gabe planting Sumac on Dog island.

Kate and Gabe planting Sumac on Dog island.

Recipes from the Dog Island Restoration Trip


The sauce was just store-bought jars with a bunch of veggies added (sauteed up some onion and garlic, then added zucchini, mushrooms, edamame, maybe some bell pepper, cook it all down and added it to the sauce). Proper baking in a dutch oven will result in stellar taste, guaranteed!

So the run down:  Mix your cheese/spinach stuff together, stuff into shells, pre-package into zippy bags for transport to campsite (sauce can be prepped and packed into zippy bags as well), dump cheese-stuffed shells into DO, pour sauce on top, cook until bubbly all over.  Then stuff yourself until you can't move.  

  • 1 (15 ounce) container ricotta cheese
  • 1 (10 ounce) package frozen chopped spinach, thawed and squeezed dry
  • ½ cup minced onion
  • 1 egg
  • 2 teaspoons minced fresh parsley
  • ½ teaspoon pepper
  • ¼ teaspoon garlic powder
  • 1 ½ cups shredded mozzarella cheese, divided
  • ½ cup Parmesan cheese, divided
  • 2(26 ounce) jars of spaghetti sauce
  • 1 ½ cups water
  • 1 (8 ounce) package manicotti shells

Marinated Cheese/Olives

Make cubes of cheese and place in bowl with olives of any kind, garlic and herbs (rosemary, bay leaf, black peppercorns) Pour some good olive oil over them and let marinate at room temperature for a few hours at least.  Serve on crackers or bread that has been crisped in oven with olive oil on it.  

I like to use extra sharp white cheddar, but if your budget allows, Manchego cheese is superb.